Today I learned this great term, “epistemological civil war,” from Leonard Peikoff’s Objectivism: The Philosophy of Ayn Rand.
In discussing the need to explicitly identify and integrate philosophical axions like Identity and Consciousness, Peikoff writes:
The fact that axioms are available to perception does not mean that all human beings accept or even grasp axioms in conscious, conceptual terms. Vast numbers of men, such as primitives, never progress beyond implicit knowledge of basic axioms. Lacking explicit philosophic identification of this knowledge, they have no way to adhere to the axioms consistently and typically fall into some form of contradicting the self evident, as in the various magical world views which (implicitly) deny the law of identity. Such men stunt their minds by subjecting themselves to an undeclared epistemological civil war. The war pits their professed outlook on the world against the implicit knowledge on which they are actually counting in order to survive.
This is brilliant, and I think the basic idea can be applied to all the other branches of philosophy as well and can be used to explain so many of the challenges people have today in their personal and professional lives.